The utility model provides a confidential file tracking and managing system, comprising a vehicle apparatus, a confidential file dedicated box and a management center. The confidential file dedicated box comprises an electronic label, a housing and an antenna. The circuit board in the housing is integrated with a control module, a GPS positioning and receiving module, a GSM communication module and a solar cell module, wherein the control module is connected with a sensor and an alarm. The RFID reader on the vehicle apparatus automatically and wirelessly scans the electronic label in predetermined time; the GPS positioning and receiving module is communicated with a global positioning system satellite; the specific location of a confidential file, the information of the electronic label, etc. are stored in the GSM communication module; and the GSM communication module is communicated with a mobile communication tower, information is transmitted back to the control center, and a center database is unified under the management of an information system platform based on GIS. According to the utility model, the confidential file tracking and managing system is advantageous by being convenient, fast, safe, reliable and easy to manage.